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Welcome to the technical sessions schedule for the 2015 Annual Fall NEARC Conference. 

 The technical schedule is capable of being sorted by date (i.e, Monday, Nov. 9) or track (i.e. USGS Hydro). You can also search for a presentation title (i.e. Harmonizing the NHD and WBD Datasets in Maine), key term (i.e. NHD), or presenter last name (i.e. O’Neil-Dunne). The sort and search functions can be found on the navigation panel on the right side of this page. If you hover over the "Schedule" button, you’ll also see different schedule view options (i.e. Grid or Simple). Try selecting each of them to see which view you prefer. 

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MAIN NEARC WEBSITE: Click here to return to the main NEARC conference website for poster abstracts, GIS Educators Day schedule, and full conference schedule at-a-glance. 

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Sunday, November 8 • 4:00pm - 4:30pm
The Role of GIS and Social Media in Post-Hurricane Sandy Emergency Response

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Katie Marsden, Syracuse University

Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs), particularly social media and geographic
information systems (GIS), have become a transformational force in emergency response. Social media enables ad hoc collaboration, providing timely, useful information dissemination and sharing, and helping to overcome limitations of time and place. Geographic information systems increase the level of situation awareness, serving geospatial data using interactive maps, animations, and computer generated imagery derived from sophisticated global remote sensing systems. Digital workspaces bring these technologies together and contribute to meeting ad hoc and formal emergency response challenges through their affordances of situation awareness and mass collaboration. Distributed ICTs that enable ad hoc emergency response via digital workspaces have arguably made traditional top-down system deployments less relevant in certain situations, including emergency response (Merrill, 2009; Heylighen, 2007a,b). Heylighen (2014, 2007a,b) theorizes that human cognitive stigmergy explains some self-organizing characteristics of ad hoc systems. Elliott (2007) identifies cognitive stigmergy as a factor in mass collaborations supported by digital workspaces. Stigmergy, a term from biology, refers to the phenomenon of self-organizing systems with agents that coordinate via perceived changes in the environment rather than direct communication. The basic assertion is that ICTs and stigmergy together make possible highly effective ad hoc collaborations in circumstances where more typical collaborative methods break down. The research compares the ICTs used for emergency response during Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, and presents a process model developed from the case studies and relevant academic literature.


Sunday November 8, 2015 4:00pm - 4:30pm
Green Mountain A